Category Archives: Reading

Classic Memory Game to Help with Vocabulary Retention

Classic Memory Game to Help with Vocabulary Retention (French, Spanish)

Students enjoy playing Memory to review and practice vocabulary.   The cards can also be printed back to back and used as flashcards with pictures on one side and words on the other. Depending on the level of the students, they can make sentence out loud each time they get a pair.  I have found that this is also a great station activity.

Download  Memory Games on these topics :

French Memory Games

Spanish Memory Games

Numbers 1-20
Sports and Activities
City Places
Class Objects
Food and Drinks
Fruits and Vegetables
Rooms ad Furniture
Musical Instruments
Jobs and Professions

Reading Comprehension and Teacher Read Aloud

Reading aloud by the teacher is often discouraged in the foreign language classroom as this puts the focus on the teacher and does not give the students an opportunity to practice reading aloud themselves. Reading aloud by the teacher, in fact, is particularly important for language learners at various stages of learning. Beginning readers tend to read word by word. Reading aloud by the teacher helps them to process larger language units and phrases rather than focusing on single words and translation. A study by Amer (ELT Journal) investigated the effect of teacher reading aloud on the reading comprehension of foreign language students reading a story. Results clearly demonstrated that the experimental group (teacher read aloud) outperformed the control group (student silent reading). This indicates that reading aloud by the teacher can have a significant positive effect on reading comprehension. It is interesting to try reading the story to students without having them follow along to see how much they understand, then to read along with the text. The decreased focus on word-level comprehension is emphasized here and it will show students in a very clear and obvious way that they do not need to translate word for word when reading. This will then, ideally, transfer to their own reading comprehension, either aloud or silently.

Foreign Language Word Recognition and Vocabulary Review

This is a fun way for students to practice or review vocabulary . The activity is  based on magic squares. There are 16 squares in each grid and each contains  a vocabulary word (vegetable vocabulary in the example below).   Below to the grid are 16  pictures. The student writes the number for the match in the grid. If done correctly, each row, column, and diagonal add up to 34.  Great as a class starter or for a substitute.  There is also a template below so you can make your own version with your own vocabulary.

You can make these activities in a WORD document using the template below or you can download the activities below the template that have the words and pictures in them.

Effective Reading in a Foreign Language

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As teachers proceed with reading and reading strategies in a foreign language, it is important to keep in mind these characteristics of successful and unsuccessful readers.  The list below will help teachers determine what reading strategies are needed by their students.

Using “Context Clues” to Determine Word Meaning

Using "Context Clues" to Determine Word Meaning (French, Spanish) wlteacher.wordpress.comWhen faced with an unfamiliar word, students need to consider the context of the word in order to locate clues for predicting the meaning.  Teachers often talk about using “context clues” to determine meaning, but there is very little published on what the strategies might be to engage this process.  Below are some suggestions for explicit instruction on determining the meaning of an unknown word.

Type of Word: Is the word used as a noun, verb, adjective, adverb, etc.?

  • Articles often preceded nouns.
  • Adjectives are typically before or after a noun, or after a form of “to be”
  • Nouns are often found after prepositions
  • Regular verbs have predictable endings
  • Subject pronouns often precede verbs
  • Adverbs are often found in front of or after verbs

Semantic Relationship: Other words in the sentence may provide clues to the meaning of a word.

  • The noun in a sentence may provide a clue to the meaning of the verb. For example: The architect designs buildings.
  • The verb in a sentence may provide a clue to the meaning of a noun. For example: The architect designs buildings.
  • Nouns and verbs may provide clues to the meaning of another word in a sentence. For example: The architect designed the building using a state-of-the-art computer program.

Using Proverbs in the Foreign Language Classroom

Using Proverbs in the Foreign (World) Language Classroom (French, Spanish) wlteacher.wordpress.comProverbs will very often reflect the history and values of a community of people (Ciccarelli, 1996). Since these phrases tend to be short, the vocabulary and sentence structure don’t require a lot of time to understand linguistically. When a new vocabulary list is presented to students, consider providing a few proverbs or idioms that use some of the words and engage a conversation about how the phrase might be important in the target language culture as well as who might use it and in what circumstances. This is also a great opportunity to have students reflect on cultural similarities and differences as they consider whether or not the proverb exists in English, and if not, why?

Here are some proverbs by language for use in the classroom:

Reference: Ciccarelli, A. (1996). Teaching culture through language: Suggestions for the Italian language class. Italica, 73(4), 563-576.

Foreign Language Text Types and Reading Strategies

Foreign (World) Language Text Types and Reading Strategies (French, Spanish) wlteacher.wordpress.comCompetent readers use various reading skills when approaching a text written in a foreign language.  Reading techniques vary depending on the type of text.  These different approaches and techniques help the reader to more effectively understand a particular writing style or content.  Students are better able to engage and understand a text in the target language when the accompanying activities are scaffolded toward these styles.

Keep these ideas in mind when developing reading activities:

  • When reading for specific information, activities need to provide ways for students to ask themselves, “Have I obtained the information I was looking for?”
  • When reading for pleasure, activities should lead students need to ask themselves, “Do I understand the story line/sequence of ideas well enough to enjoy reading this?”
  • When reading for thorough understanding (intensive reading), Activities should be geared toward students asking themselves, “Do I understand each main idea and how the author supports it? Does what I’m reading agree with my predictions, and, if not, how does it differ?” To check comprehension in this situation, students may stop at the end of each section to review and check their predictions, restate the main idea and summarize the section

Traditional comprehension questions are a useful tool, but they can be modified to scaffold student engagement with the text so that they are better able to navigate the various styles and objectives of the text. Here are come additional suggestions from the NCLRC.

Determining the Level of Difficulty in a Text

Dteremining the Level of Difficulty in a Foreign Language Text. (French, Spanish) wlteacher.wordpress.comHelpful guidance from the NCLRC.

How is the information organized? Does the story line, narrative, or instruction conform to familiar expectations? Texts in which the events are presented in natural chronological order, which have an informative title, and which present the information following an obvious organization (main ideas first, details and examples second) are easier to follow.

How familiar are the students with the topic? Remember that misapplication of background knowledge due to cultural differences can create major comprehension difficulties.

Does the text contain redundancy? At the lower levels of proficiency, listeners may find short, simple messages easier to process, but students with higher proficiency benefit from the natural redundancy of authentic language.

Does the text offer visual support to aid in reading comprehension? Visual aids such as photographs, maps, and diagrams help students preview the content of the text, guess the meanings of unknown words, and check comprehension while reading.

Developing Foreign Language Reading Activities

Developing  Foreign (World) Language Reading Activities (French, Spanish) wlteacher.wordpress.comDeveloping interpretative reading activities involves more than identifying a text that is “at the right level”  and writing a set of comprehension questions for students to answer.  A fully-developed interpretative reading activity supports students as readers through pre-reading, during-reading, and post-reading activities.

Here are some guidelines and suggestion to keep in mind when creating an interpretive reading activity for students.

  • Keep in mind that complete recall of all the information in a text is not the goal.  The goal is to comprehend the text and learn from the content.
  • Construct the reading activity around a purpose that has significance for the students.  The goal is not simply to read and understand, but to take the knowledge gained and do something with it.
  • Define the activity’s instructional goal and the appropriate type of response. What will students do with the content that they take away from the text?
  • Check the level of the text.  Is it accessible given the proficiency level of the students?
  • Use pre-reading activities to prepare students for the content.
  • Assess students’ background knowledge of the topic and linguistic content of the text.
  • Give students the background knowledge necessary for comprehension of the text, or activate the existing knowledge that the students possess.
  • Clarify any cultural information that may be necessary to comprehend the text.
  • Make students aware of the type of text they will be reading and the purpose(s) for reading.  Interpretive reading activities should have a clear goal and information gained from reading should be used for a follow-up activity.
  • Provide opportunities for group or collaborative work and for class discussion activities.

Keep these tips and suggestions in mind and when putting together an interpretive reading activity.  They will help to keep the goal of reading and using the content learned in the text.

Foreign Language Vocabulary and Verb Form Activities-Based on Sudoku

mzl.yqsjcqhb.175x175-75I always see kids and adults working on Sudoku puzzles in books and in newspapers. I decided that I wanted to take advantage of the Sudoku craze.  I figured that if kids were into this number puzzle they could possibly transfer this enjoyment and motivation onto a Sudoku-like vocabulary activity.  I tried a few different ways of crafting it, but it got a bit complicated and the end result was that there was more of a focus on the logic than on the letters, spelling, and vocabulary.  But, I didn’t give up.

I eventually came up with a way to use the Sudoku solutions board to make a verb form activity.  Students need to find the correct verb form in the grid (there are multiple) and fill in the correct number.  When each box has a number, the student can verify his or her work by adding up each row.  The total will be 45 for each row, column and diagonal (since each line will have the numbers 1-9, which add up to 45).  Here is an example:

–Find the « je » form of the verbs « manger » and « finir » and write the number « 1 » in the box (nine number « 1 » total).  Continue with the other subjects.  To check your answers, add up the numbers in each row, column and diagonal. The total is 45.

You can easily make your own boards using the solutions to Sudoku puzzles (available in any Sudoku book or in a newspaper.  You can write the verb forms in by hand, but I find that it is easier to make a template in a Word document with the numbers so that you can just type over the number.  Make a few templates that you can use so that the numbers are not in the same places every time.  Here are a few templates to get you started or you can download some Sudoku verb activities that are already made: