The 3 communication modes are becoming more commonplace in our language classrooms.
- Presentational communication is one-way speaking or writing that does not allow for real time clarification of meaning.
- Interpretive communication is one-way listening or reading that also does not allow for real time clarification of meaning.
- Interpersonal communication is two-way speaking that allows for clarification of the message in real time.
Let’s look specifically at Presentational Writing. There are some characteristics that differ from the other modes. In particular, there are opportunities to focus more on accuracy since the communication is not done in real time. More specifically, Presentational Writing is …
- practiced, rehearsed, polished and edited
- improved with dictionary and spell-check tools
The ACTFL Performance Descriptors for Presentational Writing are specific regarding the language produced at each proficiency level.
You can see the full Performance Descriptors Here.
The challenge for me has often been the jump from Novice High to Intermediate Low/Mid. Students are typically able to begin forming their own sentences with memorized phrases and then creating on their own. The struggle comes in constructing sentences that move beyond single clauses, and certainly connecting multiple sentences.
To support students in this process, I put together a reference grid.
The first column is the base words that students can use to add details to their single clause sentences. The second column, with the gradually rising arrow, contains conjunctions and connecting words that students can use to create sentences with two clauses. The third column, with the arrow going straight up, has additional conjunctions and connecting words that students can use to connect sentences and ideas. There are also words under the grid that students can use to write about events chronologically. All of these words scaffold the process of leveling up language from Novice to Intermediate.
I put together a template of this for teachers to use with their students.
It is a Word Doc on Google Drive. Download it as a Word Doc or make a copy right in your Google Drive and edit from there. Just add in the words in the target language that you teach.
You will soon see your students leveling up their writing, and they will transfer this skill to their speaking.
Take look at this blog post as well. It focuses on an activity that I do with students that helps them to see concretely what their language looks like at different proficiency levels.